This is a clickable imagemap version of the diagram found on page 64 of Edward Tufte's book Beautiful Evidence. The original was made in 1936 by Alfred Barr. I have attempted to use the original colors and typeface but web browsers and operating systems being what they are yours may not render this as intended.

I wrote a blog entry about it here.

 
Vincent van Gogh Wikipedia

d. 1890

Self Portrait

Synthetism Wikipedia

1888 Pont-Aven, Paris

Vision After The Sermon Paul Gauguin, 1888

Bois d'amour (Talisman) Paul Serusier, 1888

Buckwheat Harvest Emile Bernard 1888

Paul Cézanne Wikipedia

Provence
d. 1906

Still Life with Fruit Basket (1888–1890)

Self Portrait

Neo-Impressionism Wikipedia

1886 Paris
Also known as "Pointilism."

Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
Georges-Pierre Seurat

The Pine, Saint Tropez, 1892 - 1893
Paul Signac

Odilon Redon Wikipedia

Paris
d. 1916

Beatrice, 1885

Flower Clouds, 1903

Saint John, 1892

Henri Rousseau Wikipedia

Paris
d. 1910

Malakoff, 1898

Combat de tigre et de buffle, after 1891

Fauvism Wikipedia

1905 Paris
Here is an excellent resource on Fauvism.

Portrait with a Green Stripe 1905 by Henri Matisse

St. Paul's Cathedral from the Thames 1906 by Andre Derain

View of L'Estaque 1906 by Georges Braque

The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse

Cubism Wikipedia

1906-08 Paris
Here is a more extensive chronological list of Cubist paintings

Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913

Violin and Candlestick, Paris, spring 1910 by Georges Braque

(Abstract) Expressionism Wikipedia

1911 Munich

Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele, 1910

Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc, 1913

Die Zinsmünze by Emil Nolde, 1915

Futurism Wikipedia

1910 Milan

Abstract Speed + Sound by Giacomo Balla, 1914

David Burliuk Revolution, 1917

Wladimir Burliuk, Portrait of Velemir Khlebnikov, 1913

Agitprop poster by Vladimir Mayakovsky

Orphism Wikipedia

1921 Paris

Rhythm Joie de Vivre, Robert Delaunay

Red Eiffel Tower, Robert Delaunay

Delaunay, Sonia Orfizme 1930s

Suprematism Wikipedia

1913 Moscow

Black Circle (Malevich, 1913)

City at Night, Aleksandra Ekster 1919

Nadezhda Udaltsova, 1910's

Constructivism Wikipedia

1914 Moscow

Dance, Alexander Rodchenko 1915

Constantin Brancusi Wikipedia

Paris

The Endless Column

(Abstract) Dadaism Wikipedia

1916 Zurich Paris Cologne Berlin
List of Dadaist Artwork

Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. Edited by Tristan Tzara. Zürich, 1917.

Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. 1917

Trophy, Hypertrophied, Max Ernst 1919

Man Ray

Arrangement of forms II, Man Ray 1917

Purism Wikipedia

1918 Paris

Guitar and Bottles (Guitare et bouteilles), Amédée Ozenfant 1920.

De Stijl and Neoplasticism Wikipedia

1916 Leyden Berlin Paris

Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. Piet Mondrian.

Counter-Composition V, Theo van Doesburg 1924

Red and Blue chair, Gerrit Rietveld 1918

Bauhaus Wikipedia

1919 Weimar 1925 Dessau

Bauhaus school

"On White II", Kandinsky 1923

Magic Garden, Paul Klee 1926

(Abstract) Surrealism Wikipedia

1924 Paris

This is Not a Pipe, René Magritte 1928-9

The Persistence of Memory, Salvador Dalí 1931