This is a clickable imagemap version of the diagram found on page 64 of Edward Tufte's book Beautiful Evidence. The original was made in 1936 by Alfred Barr. I have attempted to use the original colors and typeface but web browsers and operating systems being what they are yours may not render this as intended.
I wrote a blog entry about it here.
1888 Pont-Aven, Paris
Vision After The Sermon Paul Gauguin, 1888
Bois d'amour (Talisman) Paul Serusier, 1888
Buckwheat Harvest Emile Bernard 1888
Still Life with Fruit Basket (1888–1890)
Also known as "Pointilism."
Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
The Pine, Saint Tropez, 1892 - 1893
Flower Clouds, 1903
Saint John, 1892
Combat de tigre et de buffle, after 1891
Here is an excellent resource on Fauvism.
Portrait with a Green Stripe 1905 by Henri Matisse
St. Paul's Cathedral from the Thames 1906 by Andre Derain
View of L'Estaque 1906 by Georges Braque
The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse
Here is a more extensive chronological list of Cubist paintings
Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913
Violin and Candlestick, Paris, spring 1910 by Georges Braque
Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele, 1910
Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc, 1913
Die Zinsmünze by Emil Nolde, 1915
Abstract Speed + Sound by Giacomo Balla, 1914
David Burliuk Revolution, 1917
Wladimir Burliuk, Portrait of Velemir Khlebnikov, 1913
Agitprop poster by Vladimir Mayakovsky
Rhythm Joie de Vivre, Robert Delaunay
Red Eiffel Tower, Robert Delaunay
Delaunay, Sonia Orfizme 1930s
Black Circle (Malevich, 1913)
City at Night, Aleksandra Ekster 1919
Nadezhda Udaltsova, 1910's
Dance, Alexander Rodchenko 1915
The Endless Column
1916 Zurich Paris Cologne Berlin
List of Dadaist Artwork
Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. Edited by Tristan Tzara. Zürich, 1917.
Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. 1917
Trophy, Hypertrophied, Max Ernst 1919
Arrangement of forms II, Man Ray 1917
Guitar and Bottles (Guitare et bouteilles), Amédée Ozenfant 1920.
1916 Leyden Berlin Paris
Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. Piet Mondrian.
Counter-Composition V, Theo van Doesburg 1924
Red and Blue chair, Gerrit Rietveld 1918
1919 Weimar 1925 Dessau
"On White II", Kandinsky 1923
Magic Garden, Paul Klee 1926
This is Not a Pipe, René Magritte 1928-9
The Persistence of Memory, Salvador Dalí 1931